Tierarztpraxis Robert Frideres

54634 Bitburg, Mozartstr. 4

Phone 06561 / 8767

Deutsche Sprache

Dental hygiene of dogs

Dental hygiene should be self-evident not only for us humans but also for our pets. Unfortunately many dog and cat owners notice tooth problems only when their pet has a strong mouth odor or refuses to eat. At this stage you may already find millimeter thick plaque and widespread gingivitis.
For us humans it is clearly necessary to visit a dentist once or twice a year for disease prevention and control. Dental examinations for dogs should also be performed on a regular basis.

Tartar

A healthy set of teeth.

Tartar appears as a yellow-brown, rough coating on the teeth. As a pre-stage it shows up as a soft plaque, which consists of saliva components, food residues and bacteria forms. This stores minerals and leads to an extreme hardening of the dental plaque.

Gingivitis

If the formation of tartar proceeds the gums become inflamed leading to periodontal disease as the tartar pushes under the gums. At this stage the pet will stand out with bad breath. The next stage is suppuration (discharge of pus) and a painful loosening of the teeth. On the back side of the teeth the rough surface of the tartar leads to a constant friction at the cheek mucosa. It will be injured, inflamed and just like the injured gums an ideal entry point for pathogens. Bacteria will be able to easily enter the bloodstream and can settle in the heart valves and kidneys as an abscess.

Obviously some animals have a special predisposition to tartar formation.

Prevention

Preventive care should be taken including a balanced diet.

In addition to the usual food, a range of special products for the abrasion of dental plaque that satisfy the chewing instinct can be given to keep the teeth and gums healthy.

Tartar removal

As in humans, calculus removal with ultrasound and subsequent polishing of teeth is recommended.

The tartar removal is performed exactly as in humans with an ultrasonic device. However, our four-legged friends must be under anesthesia. With the currently available mild anesthetic the procedure is low risk for patients.

After thorough removal of plaque polishing will smooth the roughened enamel to prevent new tartar formation. At the same time the vet can determine if other dental defects caused by tooth decay, such as cavities, exist and they can be subsequently treated.

With regular dental check-up it usually does not come that far. Even in old age, it is thus possible to keep the dog’s teeth healthy and beautiful.

Don't we forget: The "third set of teeth" is only for humans.